The Minoan culture appeared 5,000 years ago in Crete, also known as Kefti in ancient Egyptian, an island in the south of Greece. It reached its apogee 3,500 years ago, and was the first monumental civilization to have ever existed on the European territory. It precedes the first white civilization in history, actually the Greek civilization, which appeared 2,900 years ago. Beyond the vehemence with which present-day Greeks and the whole West fully deny the African nature of this civilization, we will demonstrate that it was indisputably black.

In order to understand better what will be said here, the reader – if he/she has not already done so – should document him/herself on the black characteristics of ancient Egyptians, the African origin of Asia’s first inhabitants, including Phoenicians, as well as of Europe’s first inhabitants.

Origins: Minos the African

Written evidence

We see Crete on the map here. It was on this land, in the far south of the continent i.e. close to the black woman and man that the civilization began in Europe.

According to Greek records, the founder of the Minoan civilization was a man named Minos. And some of the most renowned ancient Greek historians, including Diodorus of Sicily, Hecataeus of Abdera and Herodotus, significantly discussed the genealogy of this man.

In the beginning there was Agenor, an ancient Egyptian, i. e. a black man married to a black woman from the Nile. It is said they lived in Thebes, the capital of Egypt, located in the south of the country. They had two children: a son, Cadmos and a daughter. Their children were therefore Black Egyptians, who later settled in Phoenicia, which covered present-day Lebanon-Israel-Syria-Palestine.

From Phoenicia, Cadmos reached Greece where he introduced Egyptian-Phoenician script, the first script ever known on the continent. His sister was kidnapped and taken to Crete, where she gave birth to Minos, founder of the Minoan civilization. The name Minos is at the origin of the term “Minoan”.

2,500-year-old Greek amphora. We see Egyptian-Phoenician Cadmos – symbol of the advent of civilization in Europe – who holds the reins of his chariot. Minos’ uncle was thereby very black.
We also notice on this amphora that Apollo the Greek god is also pitch-black. Apollo is actually the Greek replica of the Egyptian Horus.
Source: reunion des Musées nationaux de France

Minos was therefore black. His name is reminiscent of Naré Mari (Narmer), the first pharaoh of the unified Egypt, who was also called Menes. But what is the most impressive about Minos’ biography is his mother’s name… Her name was Europe. It is that black Egyptian-Phoenician woman who gave her name to the continent. Just as Paris comes from Isis (Par-Isis), just like Athens comes from the Egyptian deity Neith, Europe is also the name of an African woman.

Osteological evidence

We are displaying this picture again, which we used to demonstrate that Carthage in Tunisia was a black civilization. On the left, the typical skull of a Black man: Long head from front to rear (dolichocephaly), short face from top to bottom, protruding jaw (prognathism), flat nose bone (platyrhinia). On the right the White – European or Semitic – has a short head from front to rear (brachycephaly), long face from top to bottom, long nose bone (aquiline), jaw aligned with the forehead (orthognathism).

We are displaying this picture again, which we used to demonstrate that Carthage in Tunisia was a black civilization. On the left, the typical skull of a Black man: Long head from front to rear (dolichocephaly), short face from top to bottom, protruding jaw (prognathism), flat nose bone (platyrhinia). On the right the White – European or Semitic – has a short head from front to rear (brachycephaly), long face from top to bottom, long nose bone (aquiline), jaw aligned with the forehead (orthognathism).

When they say that the Minoans were related to the first inhabitants of West Asia, here are the “Asians” they are referring to. On the left vitalist priests (animists) in Syria 2,000 years ago (University of Gent); On the right, the first inhabitants and first civilizers of Iran known as Elamites (Musée du Louvre).

As for the first continental Greeks whom the Minoans are related to, they were called Pelasgians. Greek poet Asius of Samos who lived 2,700 years ago says “And the black land produced Pelasgos (king of the Pelasgians)” [1]. Black Land or Black Country is the original name of Africa, Kemet/Kama in ancient Egyptian. Asius of Samos therefore suggests that the first inhabitants of mainland Greece, whom the Minoans are related to, were black.

Furthermore, it is not surprising that present-day Europeans have the Minoans’ DNA; they are their ancestors, just as 10% of the British carry the DNA of Cheddar man, one of the first black inhabitants of Great Britain. However, Cheddar man was black and his descendants are white today.

Moreover, the study does not specify who the North Africans with whom the Minoans were compared exactly are. Consequently we cannot establish whether they were genetically related to the ancient Egyptians or not. Finally, the absence of sub-Saharan DNA is surprising as present-day Greeks do have sub-Saharan DNA; a discovery that caused their rage. Nevertheless, suggesting that the Minoans didn’t carry that DNA basically doesn’t mean anything. Black populations in Asia and the Pacific, although coming from Africa, had developed distinct DNA characters. The Minoans, having left Africa for a long time, possibly experienced the same phenomenon.

Therefore, all this makes us affirm that the people who founded the first civilization in Europe were a black people originally from Africa, who passed through Asia. Then, the Egyptian-Phoenicians were added and gave that people the elements of their civilization.

The Minoan civilization

The Minoans’ African religion

For the Minoans, creation was the work of a female God, who had many forms. Vegetation was personified as a young God who would die and rise every year. That young God was the husband of the Goddess, who herself was represented as a woman carrying her child.

We are clearly in Africa with its dualistic and polymorphic Monotheism. Throughout Africa and the authentic black world, there is a single God (monotheism) who is both male and female (dualist) and who has many forms (polymorphic). In Egypt, this unique God had a child called Osiris, symbol of vegetation, who would die and rise every year with the rise in the level of the Nile. Osiris was the husband of Isis, who was pictured holding their son Horus in her arms.

Minoan women playing music
Source: IES Las Musas, Madrid
Keftiu (Minoans) coming to pay tribute to Pharaoh in Egypt (Tomb of Rekhmiré, Prime Minister of Pharaoh Djehuty-Mesu (Thutmose III)). Kefti was part of the Egyptian empire under Djehuty-Mesu. The greatest African in history mentioned it in his hymn to God as one of his numerous possessions.

Unlike the white world where the dead were cremated, the Minoans used to put them in sarcophagi like the Egyptians and bury them with everyday objects. This practice of burying the dead with objects belonging to them comes from the African thought that the dead will continue their life in the ancestors’ world, as they lived it in their lifetime.

The Minoans also practiced the ancestor veneration. They equally practiced totemism through the bull and the lion in particular.

The organization

Like in the authentic black world, the Minoan civilization was a matriarchal civilization. It means that the legitimacy of power was held by women. So, the creator as we have seen was mainly female, like among the Hausa, among the Serer people of Senegal or in Benin’s Vodoun. Women held highest administrative and religious offices. This is contrary to the white world, founded on patriarchy.

Minoan women in the ancient capital, Knossos
University of Heidelberg
Minoan men (Fresco of the Knossos palace)

The pacifist African spirit ensured that the country did not develop a considerable army. The Minoan civilization was also sedentary, centered on agriculture and its sovereign was a king-priest like in Africa.

Architecture and science

The Minoans had writing systems including a hieroglyphic one. Research has shown that these scriptures are from Egypt/Phoenicia. Influenced by the Phoenicians – the greatest navigators of antiquity – the Minoans also crossed the seas and went to continental Europe in order to trade.

The priest-kings ruled over city-states with autonomy and each city was organized around a palace. Kefti was said to be under the supreme authority of the sovereign of the capital Knossos. At all times, Minoan architecture was influenced by Egyptian architecture with, particularly, the appearance of columns and hypostyle rooms around 1600 BC.

Minoan navigators. Pay attention to the skin color (University of Chicago)
Minoan hieroglyphic writing, called “Linear A” by scientists
Remains of the Knossos palace, partially restored. We can see the columns of Egyptian origin
Reconstruction of Knossos
Reconstruction of Knossos
Remains of Malia and Phaistos palaces

The decline and legacy of the Minoan civilization

A Minoan fisherman

Between 1700 BC and 1400 BC, the neighboring island of Santorini exploded, perhaps the most serious natural disaster of antiquity. Tsunamis ravaged the Mediterranean islands and it was reported that volcanic ash had spread till the skies of Egypt for days. This is probably the origin of the biblical deluge myth.

Despite this event, Kefti survived and was rebuilt. The country fell around 1400 BC under the invasions of barbaric, warlike and patriarchal white Achaean tribes, coming from northern Europe. The Minoan civilization disappeared soon after.

We consequently see that Greece, considered as the cradle of Western civilization, owes its civilization to Africa. After a dark age, it is still the Phoenicians and especially the Egyptians who reintroduced properly the knowledge at the origin of the Greek civilization, which appeared 2,900 years ago. The ancient Greeks mentioned it everywhere with a certain pride. ALL the theorems, concepts and mythologies, taught everywhere as Greek, are from Egypt. The Greeks were so aware of this fact that by conquering Egypt in 332 BC under Alexander the Great, they established their capital city in the country (Alexandria), and carried on the Pharaonic civilization while being taught by African priests.

Due to the white supremacy ideology, present-day Greeks and the West do not want to hear about the civilizing role of Africans in Europe but we, Africans, intend to publicize this historical fact.

Blacks and Whites in Crete (Agia Triada sarcophagus)


The African roots of European civilization, Jean Philippe Omotunde
Egypt, Greece and the School of Alexandria: intercultural history in Antiquity, to Egyptian sources of Greek philosophy; by Théophile Obenga
Europe the Egyptian volume 1 and 2, Sarwas Anis Al Assiouty
Greek architecture, Roland Martin
[1] The African roots of European civilization, Jean Philippe Omotunde, page 10


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