The Indus valley and Black Dravidians were the First to Civilize India. Indus valley’s civilization also called Dravidian or Harrapian was the first civilization to emerge from the current space that is known today as India and Pakistan. It is thousands years older than the Hindu culture and civilization.

This civilization spread across 1 million square kilometers and its traces are found on more than 1,500 sites. The main sites are the ones of Mohenjo-Daro and Harrapa. Although scientific research has made progress, official reports continue to consider many aspects of its origins as inconclusive. Therefore, we are going to talk about its roots and characteristics.

The reader should also do some research on the foundation of the African spirituality to understand the comparisons we will make here.


First, we talked about the African origin of Asia’s first inhabitants. The Indian region is populated today by short black people. Those short black people look like pygmies and are the direct descendants of the most ancient people who populated the Indian subcontinent during prehistory.

The Jarawas, people living in the southern part of India, in the Andaman Islands
These are Asia’s first black people who were called “Negritos”

These first black populations were called “Negritos” by Europeans. They were later joined by the remaining black people known as Dravidians, a straight-haired black people mainly found in the South of India. The North of India is chiefly inhabited by white populations.

The term “Dravidian” comes from the Sanskrit term “Dravida” or “Damila” formerly used by India’s northern populations to designate black people living in the South. This term originally designates the Tamil populations and allied groups such as the Telugus, Malayalees, Karnataka people, etc.

Above, South Indians (Dravidians)
Below, North Indians (of Aryan origins)
There are roughly 250 million black people in India. This figure makes India the country with the largest number of black people in the world, even before Nigeria. India does not like showcasing this aspect of hers.

It is the ancestors of these populations who were the originators of the Indus valley’s civilization. This has been confirmed by the 2018 genetic studies that established the link between Dravidians and the builders of the Indus Valley, and ruled out a relation to Aryan peoples.

The famous Arab historian Mas Udi of the 10th century thus said: “The sons of Ham (Black son of Noah) settled in the southern countries (…) Nawfir, son of Put (African Great Lakes), son of Ham went to India and Sind while leading his children and those who were following him (…) From this tradition, the inhabitants of India and Sind are the descendants of Nawfir, son of Put, son of Ham, son of Noah.” [1]

Greek historian Diodorus of Sicily said this about Osiris: “From Ethiopia … He (Osiris) crossed Arabia through the red sea and continued his journey to the East Indies and their boundaries. He founded in India numerous cities among which Nysa, called like so in remembrance of the city in Egypt where he was raised. He planted some ivy trees which only grow to date in India, especially in this place. Finally, he left other marks of his presence in this land. That is why the descendants of these Indians believe that Osiris comes from their country.” [2]

Let’s remember that for ancient Greek people, the term « Ethiopian» means “burnt face” (therefore black face). So, Ethiopia was for the Greek people the country of black faces, the country of black people, that is to say Africa. Therefore, given the African origins of India’s black people, Greek people considered them as Ethiopians (thus like people of African origins). Diodorus of Sicily tells us that India was initially populated from East Africa (Sudan, Egypt, present-day Ethiopia, etc.). This fact is pictured by Osiris, the symbol by excellence of the Pharaonic civilization. It is him who introduced an African culture, a civilization and founded these cities.

According to recent findings published by the scientists of the Kharagpur Indian Institute of Technology and India Archeological Service on 25th May 2016, in the famous scientific journal Nature, the beginning of the Indus valley’s civilization goes back to at least 8000 to 9000 years ago. This means that the settlement of the Dravidian populations in the region goes beyond 9000 years ago, consequently before the emergence of white people on earth.

These populations came from the Nile valley and they brought to India the civilization of Osiris, according to Greek historian Diodorus of Sicily. This proves that the Pharaonic civilization is older than what official dates state. We already talked about the true age of the Egyptian civilization here.

Organization of the Indus valley’s civilization

The Dravidian civilization reached its apex around 2600 B.C. It was therefore a civilization which was contemporary to the Pharaonic and Sumerian ones. At its peak, it stretched from India to Iran, through Pakistan and Afghanistan, and even to central Asia.

Just like in Africa, this civilization and its people were sedentary. They practiced totemism and burial rites. In other words, black Dravidians didn’t burn their dead but buried them with funerary furniture. This civilization was pacific and based on matriarchy. This meant that women were honored just like in all black civilizations during antiquity.

The dancing girl of Mohenjo Daro
Famous statuette found in the Indus valley’s relics

Similarly to the black continent, social organization was based on a caste system. This system relied not on racial and discriminatory criteria but on division of labor (workers, artisans, farmers etc.). The Dravidian civilization possessed administrative centers (Mohenjo Daro, Harrapa etc) but we don’t know if it was governed by a supreme authority.

Dravidians practiced farming, breeding and fishing. They were also knowledgeable in navigation and used the Indus River to move around, reach the sea, sail farther and conduct businesses with Sumeria and Egypt. Moreover, people migrations existed between these lands.

The Dravidian civilization knew writing which was made up of drawings (like Pharaonic Hieroglyphs). This writing was studied a long time ago by many experts like Asko Parpola, yet no one has been able to decipher it to date. But today, we know that the descendants of these ancient people still live in the South of India and possess these types of writing. So it is legitimate to wonder if the scientific community has ever tried to contact these people to know more about this writing.

An example of writing found in the Indus valley

The sophisticated cities of black Dravidians

The architecture of the Indus valley’s civilization was characterized by a very elaborate urbanization system with numerous cities. The main ones were Mohenjo Daro and Harappa. These cities had well defined roads, public and private fountains (e.g.: wells and tubs), pipelines, wastewater system to evacuate sewage even underground. Needless to say this civilization had city planners, architects and other geniuses that helped it build itself.

Ruins of Mohenjo Daro
An example of pipelines built in a drainage system in the cities of the Indus valley

The African religion of India’s black people

Official reports state that it is difficult to know the spirituality of black Dravidians and ascribe the Hindu civilization and culture to most of the religious customs practiced in India. However, historical research proves that it is possible to know the ancestral religion of Dravidians who were present in the area before the appearance of the Hindu culture.

Research proves that the Indus’s founders mainly practiced the cult of the goddess mother and the one of Shiva. Several objects representing the goddess mother and Shiva were found on the sites of the Indus valley’s civilization. For a fact, we know that Shiva is a male deity and the goddess mother represents a female deity.

We notice that this religious system is similar to all African civilizations’ with a polymorphic monotheism. That is to say that there is a unique God with a dual nature, male and female whose deities (gods and goddesses) are the manifestations.

Example of several female statuettes of the Indus valley’s civilization, evoking the cult of the goddess mother and fertility

Very ancient documents about Shiva found in the Dravidian civilization often show a god in a posture reminiscent of Yoga or asceticism. This leads to believe that asceticism and all the codified meditation science which would be later called Yoga were already known in the Indus civilization.

An example of seal at the time of the Indus valley’s civilization. Scientists recognized it as a veryancient representation of Shiva with several heads (the noses of the side faces are very visible). He is represented with animals surrounding him –under the form of the Pashupati deity (master ofanimals) – in a sitting posture reminiscent of a Yoga posture. His hairstyle is made up of bovid horns.

The Dravidian civilization practiced totemism. For instance, the omnipresence of the bull or the cow as objects of veneration proves it, based on documents found in the Indus civilization. This fact is reminiscent of the Egyptian cults of Apis the bull or even the Cow (symbol of goddess Hathor in Egypt).

Hathor, God’s manifestation in ancient Egypt, with the traits of a cow (1st image) and a sculpture of the Indus civilization portraying a woman kneeling down and carried by bulls (2nd image). Thus, the sacred relationship India has with these animals goes back to Africa and the Nile valley.

Moreover, these most ancient Shiva’s iconographies prove that there is a symbolism in representing deities with several arms and heads. And these symbols already existed in the Indus valley’s civilization, thus before the Hindu civilization. What is little known about these types of depiction of deities with several heads and arms is that it existed in the Pharaonic civilization.

Picture taken from a documentary on the Egyptian civilization. We can see a wall from the era of Sekhmet, God’s manifestation representing the power of the sun, depicted with several heads and arms just like in India. This kind of unique document shows the influence of the Pharaonic civilization on India.

As it was mentioned above, the Dravidian civilization practiced burial rites. On the one hand, this is a sign showing that Dravidians practiced the cult of the ancestors and on the other hand their religion attests to the fact that the soul is an immortal entity and other related ideas (eternal life, reincarnation et al.), just like most of African civilizations.

Bès, God’s manifestation in the Pharaonic civilization represented with four arms. This is also reminiscent of the manifestations of deities in India.

The Dravidian civilization considered an invisible, hidden and unique God who is from the waters and can manifest Himself-Herself in different ways. Therefore, water and the Indus River were sacred for Dravidians. There were specific ablutions spots found in the Dravidian temples.

Mohenjo Daro’s big bath (circled here on the picture)

When leaving waters, the creator manifested Himself-Herself through the solar light or celestial fire. Earth fire lit in houses was considered as a symbol of His-Her presence. This unique deity is associated to the ram. This unique androgynous God – with a dual male and female nature – was called Agni, manifested him/herself through female deities (goddesses) and male deities (gods). This hidden deity makes us think about Egypt and the unique God Amen/Imana in the Pharaonic civilization. Amen/Imana was also born from the waters of the Nun. His-Her totemic animal is the ram and his-her messenger is Ra, the sunlight.

The name Agni is close to Anu, God’s name for Iraq’s black Sumerians. It is the word Kin-Anu (belonging to the Anu people) which gave the word Canaan, the ancient name given to black people in the Near East. Ainu is the name given to the first black inhabitants of Japan. Anu is the name of the people native of the Great Lakes, who later founded the Egyptian civilization. Therefore one can see that Blacks originating from the Great Lakes region founded the Egyptian civilization and populated the whole Asia.

Dravidian religious offices were performed generally in secrecy within each family with an altar and a dedicated sacred space. All this information makes us understand the links between the Indus valley’s civilization and the Nile valley. These multisided links are what Greek historian Diodorus of Sicily talked about. He said it in a symbolic way by asserting that Osiris left the Nile valley in order to reach and civilize India.

This information shows that many elements that were later found in the Hindu religion (Yoga, meditation techniques, asceticism, ritual baths, the cult of Shiva and goddesses, etc.) already existed in the Dravidian civilization before the birth of the Hindu phenomenon. It means that Dravidian ancestral spirituality laid the path for current Indian spiritualities under their various aspects.

A sculpture found in the Indus valley. We see a meditation posture, found almost everywhere in the spiritualities of India, yoga, Buddhism et al.

Decline of the Indus civilization and the birth of modern India

After attaining its apogee, the Dravidian civilization of the Indus valley collapsed around 1900 to 1700 B.C. It collapsed with the appearance of light-skinned people coming from Persia (present-day Iraq): Aryas or Aryans. These nomadic and patriarchal populations spoke Indo-Europeans languages. They attacked black Dravidians and the Indus civilization on many occasions.

However, this conquest could not be achieved in a single day because black Dravidians and the Indus civilization resisted the oppressors. Thus, there were periods of peace (with cultural mingling) and periods of repeated conflicts.

As time went by, black Dravidians became exhausted by that never-ending trouble and were defeated and progressively destroyed by Aryans. Aryan people were therefore able to conquer the northern part of India around 800 B.C. Cheikh Anta Diop states in his book L’Unité Culturelle de l’Afrique noire on page 99 that: “the destruction of the Indus valley sites must have been the result of Aryan invasion …”

A fresco representing India’s Aryan type

Under sustained assaults, black people were compelled to flee gradually in order to settle elsewhere. This is why historian Runoko Rashidi tells us about those attacks by the Aryans in his book Histoire Millénaire des Noirs en Asie, page 58 that “the lands Black people migrated to, were inside India as well as overseas. Thus for instance, we could mention the tradition preserved by antiquity Christian writer Eusebius when he asserted that “during the reign of Amenhotep III, a group of Ethiopians migrated from a country located in the Indus valley region to the Nile valley” .

In other words, some black Dravidians fled the Indus civilization at a moment where they were assaulted by the Aryans. They found peace with their brothers and cousins of Egypt. Those migrations of black people outside India are believed to have continued for many centuries and led to the Tamil Diasporas.

Most of them settled in the southern parts of India. Over there, Dravidians continued to withstand and fight for the preservation of their culture. They progressively created new states among which Pandya, Chola and Chera. The dynasties in those regions were sacred, which is reminiscent of the African continent with its sacred dynasties. In those regions, black Dravidians kept most of their rites, customs, traditions and spiritualities. Their spiritualities shared similarities with what was done in their ancient Indus civilization before the coming of Aryans (cult of Shiva, matriarchy, the goddess-mother etc.) as previously mentioned.

It is in this context of conflicts between Aryans (white skin) and Dravidians (black skin) that Hinduism was born. Aryans became sedentary and copied many characteristics of the Dravidian culture. They introduced their patriarchal system inherited from Eurasia, their languages like Sanskrit or even Hindi to the North of India. These Aryans dominated India by progressively setting up their own caste system. Their caste system was a very stringent system totally different from the Dravidians’.

In this caste system based on skin color (Varna in Sanskrit), Aryans (with their white skin) declared their caste superior and their race noble. The first religious system they set up was at the beginning a type of polytheism made up of male deities and it was called Vedism. Influenced by the Dravidian religion (polymorphic monotheism), Vedism (formerly polytheism) evolved into monotheism and the idea of a unique and absolute being called Brahman whose Vedic deities became his manifestations. Later on, Brahmanism appeared.

During the Brahmanic era, the conducive environment created by the Dravidian culture and spirituality allowed Buddhism to be shaped and consolidated. This is why many practices borrowed from the Dravidian civilization are found in Buddhism (e.g.: asceticism, meditations etc.). It seems that the founder of Buddhism – regardless of his officially given origins – was a black person. The most ancient iconographies representing him go into this direction (e.g.: physical traits, negroid features and kinky hair).

Ancient sculptures representing Buddha and a recent sculpture of Buddha. The ancient ones represent a negroid type (lips, nose, etc.). From past to present, Buddha’s sculptures still have kinky hair.

His supernatural and miraculous birth is curiously similar to Horus’s, son of Isis in the Nile valley. Thus, there are many links between the Pharaonic spirituality, the Dravidians’ and Buddhism. Cheikh Anta Diop discussed the hidden and black origin of Buddha in the footnotes of his book Nations Nègres et Culture: “It seems that Buddha was an Egyptian priest chased out of Memphis because of Cambyses’s persecutions (525 B.C): this account is believed to justify the depiction of Buddha with kinky hair. Historical documents do not contradict such account…”

Buddhism condemned and fought the caste system coming from the Aryans and the movement gained popularity especially in the black communities of the central, northern and western parts of India. The popularity of Buddhism in the Brahmanic era forced Vedism into a series of reforms. Vedism became a syncretism (a mixture) of Buddhism and elements from the Indus culture and Dravidian spirituality. This finally gave birth to the Hindu culture and Hinduism as known today.

The goddess mother Amman also called Mariamman by the black Dravidians became a Hindu deity today. These names are strongly connected to Africa. Amen/Amon/Imana was God’s name in Egypt. Mari-Amen, Mari-Ama or Mari-Imana, other name of Isis or Ramses II means God’s beloved.

This is how lots of cultural traits taken from ancient Dravidians (e.g.: Yoga, veneration of the cow and bull, etc.) are practiced in Hindu culture. Deities originally worshipped by Dravidians (e.g.: Agni, Shiva, the goddess mothers, Krishna and most dark-skinned deities, etc.) were progressively included in the Hindu spirituality.

The veneration of the mother cow, animal incarnation of the goddess mother, matriarchal legacy of black Dravidians, now practiced in Hinduism.

We can clearly see that what is called Hinduism is actually a syncretic Vedism which evolves by progressively absorbing the features of spiritualities present in India and particularly the Dravidian spirituality. Hinduism includes many diverse spiritual movements that are mixed in order to create a single religious tradition.

Hinduism and the beginnings of the Hindu culture as known today date back to the period of invasions by the Aryans. Therefore, present-day Hinduism is not a 5000-year-old spirituality, whose origins seem to be unknown in time or protohistory, like it has been taught. Hinduism is the result of a progressive evolution made up of several religious and cultural Dravidian concepts.

Left: Aryan-inspired Brahma, supreme God and creator of Hinduism. He is depicted here according to Dravidian criteria (multiple arms and heads, yoga posture, solar symbol of Agni, etc.)
Middle: god Shiva, venerated by black Dravidians later became a Hindu and Aryangod (whitened) through Hinduism. He is always seen in the yoga posture (like in the ancient civilization of the Indus valley) with the symbolism of several arms and wearing the solar halo on the
head; something quite reminiscent of Agni.
Right: god Krishna, black like the Dravidian ancestors who venerated him. Today, he has become a Hindu god.

If Hinduism texts mention facts or traditions that happened millennia ago, it is because Hinduism took up or plagiarized the ancient traditions of India’s first black civilization.

Hinduism partly relies on the discriminatory caste system whose origin is Aryan. This Hinduism tried to undermine non-Aryan populations including Dravidians, the first black people of India and categorize them as inferior, cursed and impure castes (Sudras, casteless, Dalits, untouchable, etc). Therefore, they were sentenced to serving superior castes. One can clearly see how this racist and segregationist caste system has given room for discriminations and racism towards India’s black people. And this racism is still present today.

The descendants of India’s first civilizers are considered as pariahs and maintained in inferior and depreciative conditions by the Hindu system even at the economic level. Their status of India’s first civilizers is denied by Hindu extremists and segregationists. These extremists also tried to deny the Aryan invasion during antiquity and its effects on the social, political and religious organization of present India.

Thus, India’s white people – feeling superior to black people just like all non-black people in the world – spread the idea according to which past India is the same as today. They claim that there was no Aryan invasion or even that black Dravidians are not the founders of the Indus valley’s civilization. When it comes to all or almost all the black civilizations in the world, a part of the scientific community is also guilty of ideological deceits by pretending to ignore the origin of the Indus valley’s civilization. But in conclusion, the black Dravidian culture undoubtedly nourished India and Hinduism.

Notes :

  • Nature
  • Origin and Spread of Dravidian Speakers, Dr Clyde Winters
  • The Cultural Unity of Black Africa, Cheikh Anta Diop
  • Nations Nègres et cultures, Cheikh Anta Diop
  • Histoire Millénaire des Africains en Asie, Runoko Rashidi
  • [1] Les racines africaines de la civilisation européenne, Jean-Phillippe Omotunde, p. 19
  • [2] Library of History, Book I, Diodorus of Siculus


Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here