About 4000 years ago, a widely known Saré Mentuhotep dragged Egypt out of an age long disorder into a civilized human living.

Saré Mentuhotep (Mentuhotep II), wearing the crown of Lower Egypt (north). He had already conquered the whole country.
  1. pr. Saré Pepi (Pepi II) died. The pharaoh leaves behind a multitude of children, grandchildren and great-grandfathers who win the battle for the throne. The family structure collapsed in unrest. Pharaoh Shiptah’s wife Neith Iqereti was later indicted, but was unable to achieve the consequences of the destructive conspiracy.

During the record time of Pepi II – 64 to 94 – the leaders of the provinces became increasingly independent against the longevity and power of the old king. They take full advantage of their government status to be healthy. therefore it leads to social inequality. The Bedouins – the ancestors of the Arabs – attacked the north of the country.

The tradition according to which only Pharaoh and his count (power) could go to heaven when he died was not accepted by the lower classes by those who considered him unworthy before the Imam (God). The low water level of the Nile also led to an insufficient harvest. It is the last straw.

Hunger, economic inequality and religion, the war against the Bedouins, the overthrow of the royal family contributed to the popular uprising. Egypt It was the Assyrian uprising, the first in history. The old government will disappear.

The scandal has gone so far as to report uncertainty, violence and corruption. The family is starving. They take the rich off the street and throw them out. Public buildings were looted. Everything was looted and robbers went everywhere. A relative delay interrupted the search. Economic activity has continued, but the central government no longer exists.

Egypt became a series of republics ruled by local monarchs who viewed themselves as indiscriminate people and then separated from the war. Waset’s theory in the south, Saré Mentuhotep, was the one that put an end to the so-called Middle Ages in history that still existed in Egypt.

Mentuhotep, wearing the Upper Egypt crown (south), at war to reunify the country

Mentuhotep, queen of Yaha and King Antef III, became king in his youth. His supporters have already defeated communities outside Waset (Thebes). In Nekhen in the north there is an opposing movement that is also African. Nekhen and Waset are in constant conflict and bring the country back into civil war. The anxieties of the time are reflected in a king given after Menta / Montu, the divine manifestation of which is responsible for the army and the security of the army.

Mery Ib Râ Khety, king of Niken, conquered the holy city of Abdut (Abidos) and approached Waset. Saré Mentuhotep returned the favor. The king took Abdut and sent his troops to Satya, a Nekhen relative. Khety fled to Nekhen. After 15 years of endless war, Nekhen finally collapsed and the whole north came under the Waset Act. Mentuhotep became lord of the country. Pharaoh enhances the speed of communities.

So the first confidence ended after 130. Egypt came out of the rush and continued its historic route. The Middle Kingdom’s Beginnings. The king is called Sematawy, which means (who unites the two countries).

Nubian soldiers of the Egyptian Army during the Pharaoh’s reign

The king, inspired by the eternal zeal of the pharaohs to unite the land of Sudanese ancestors with the Egyptian empire, also fought against the Nubians and conquered the area. He liberated the Bedouins in Sinai and left Canaan in the Middle East to participate in Libya. Mentuhotep has mines and stone planks. He built all the Nile and reopened trade routes. The kingdom of Egypt was also born, blessed.

Garbage (Thebes), the royal city, has become the capital and will since then rule as the cleanest, most beautiful, most respected and most important city in all of African history.

When the king left the Temple Cemeteries in the Middle Kingdom, he marked the beginning with the dedication of the great temple of worshiping God the ancestral.

Reconstruction of Mentuhotep’s temple in Der El Bahari
Der El Bahari site
Pharaoh Hatshepsut’s temple in the front, which was built later is better preserved and draws attention whereas Mentuhotep’s temple is the second collapsed building.

After 52 years of rule, including 12 as pharaoh of all Egypt, Saré Mentuhotep Sematawy joined his ancestors when he was almost 60 years old. He left behind a united, prosperous and peaceful country. The colossal legacy of this king, black as God, makes him one of the greatest pharaohs in history


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